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HALAL DETECTION SCIENCE: APPLICATION OF 'MOLECULARBIOTECHNOSCOPE' (MBS) AS TOOL FOR HALAL AUTHENTICATION OF CONSUMER PRODUCTS [article] /Khairul Adzfa Radzun, Norazlina Ahmad

By: Khairul Adzfa Radzun.
Contributor(s): Norazlina Ahmad.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticleSubject(s): Lawful (halal) detection In: Jurnal Halal Jurnal Halal 2008M/1429H, p. 9-19Abstract: Islam is a systematic way of life and each and every teaching divulged by the religion comes with comprehensive standards and guidelines to be adhered to by Muslims. One of these standards is the concept of the lawful (halal) which comes together with the concept of the prohibited (haram). Matters pertaining to halal and haram are parts of al-maqasid al-syar'iyyah (the objectives of the Syariah) to preserve religion, life, property and progeny. Halal is a Quranic term that means permitted or legal. Dr Yusuf Al-Qadarawi, a prominent Muslim scholar, defined halal as that which is permitted and upon which no restriction exists and the doing of which Allah has allowed. The opposite of halal is haram - forbidden or unlawful. Determination of Halal and Haram of consumer product is important in Muslim community. The responsibility to consume Halal products is positioned to all Muslim regardless of his/her status in the community, thus to know whether the product is Halal or Haram is an obligation for Muslim. Basically, all product is Halal except for the following; meat from swine (pork, ham), pork-based products and by-products (porcine hormones, gelatin, etc), animals improperly slaughtered, or already dead before slaughtering is due to take place, animals killed in the name of anyone other than Allah (for example, by anyone other than a Jew, Christian or Muslim, or as part of a pagan sacrifice), intoxicants, blood and blood by-products, and products contaminated with any of the above products. "He only prohibits for you the eating of animals that die of themselves (without human interference), blood the meat of pigs and animals dedicated to other than GOD. If one is forced (to eat these), without being malicious or deliberate, he incurs no sin. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.”[Al-Baqarah, 2:173] The statement in the above paragraph might be applicable during the last century, however in this modern world, the ascertainment of Halal and Haram status of product is far more complex than thought in the previous days whereby it not only involves the particulars that has been listed in the above mentioned surah but also involving numerous networking of sources from where the product is being derived, for example, the halalness of its financial source, the halalness and the safety of its nutrients, the halalness of its manufacturing processes and various aspects that when scrutinized and analyzed will lead to a terrifying fact that - non of the product that available in this world can be assured as Halal. By virtue to that fact, it can be concluded that the Halal authentication can be considered as tough and doubtful process due to the reality that, it encircles numerous aspects and discipline, legally, physically and spiritually. The authors themselves have designed an innovative research via the application of the MolecularBiotechnoScope (MBS) technology and have designed kits that will enable the users to detect the availability of the traces of porcine DNA in consumer merchandises, to be specific applicable for food, leather and pharmaceutical products. However, the detection is limited to porcine traces detection and still can be considered as Halal doubtful and all this while the consumer vision has been hindered about the true fact of Halal concept, unless a comprehensive screening process for that particular product has been implemented due to the fact that the Halalness concept is more than just porcine traces detection, although its detection has covered the major part of Halal concept.
List(s) this item appears in: Halal
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Islam is a systematic way of life and each and every teaching divulged by the religion comes with comprehensive standards and guidelines to be adhered to by Muslims. One of these standards is the concept of the lawful (halal) which comes together with the concept of the prohibited (haram). Matters pertaining to halal and haram are parts of al-maqasid al-syar'iyyah (the objectives of the Syariah) to preserve religion, life, property and progeny. Halal is a Quranic term that means permitted or legal. Dr Yusuf Al-Qadarawi, a prominent Muslim scholar, defined halal as that which is permitted and upon which no restriction exists and the doing of which Allah has allowed. The opposite of halal is haram - forbidden or unlawful. Determination of Halal and Haram of consumer product is important in Muslim community. The responsibility to consume Halal products is positioned to all Muslim regardless of his/her status in the community, thus to know whether the product is Halal or Haram is an obligation for Muslim. Basically, all product is Halal except for the following; meat from swine (pork, ham), pork-based products and by-products (porcine hormones, gelatin, etc), animals improperly slaughtered, or already dead before slaughtering is due to take place, animals killed in the name of anyone other than Allah (for example, by anyone other than a Jew, Christian or Muslim, or as part of a pagan sacrifice), intoxicants, blood and blood by-products, and products contaminated with any of the above products. "He only prohibits for you the eating of animals that die of themselves (without human interference), blood the meat of pigs and animals dedicated to other than GOD. If one is forced (to eat these), without being malicious or deliberate, he incurs no sin. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.”[Al-Baqarah, 2:173] The statement in the above paragraph might be applicable during the last century, however in this modern world, the ascertainment of Halal and Haram status of product is far more complex than thought in the previous days whereby it not only involves the particulars that has been listed in the above mentioned surah but also involving numerous networking of sources from where the product is being derived, for example, the halalness of its financial source, the halalness and the safety of its nutrients, the halalness of its manufacturing processes and various aspects that when scrutinized and analyzed will lead to a terrifying fact that - non of the product that available in this world can be assured as Halal. By virtue to that fact, it can be concluded that the Halal authentication can be considered as tough and doubtful process due to the reality that, it encircles numerous aspects and discipline, legally, physically and spiritually. The authors themselves have designed an innovative research via the application of the MolecularBiotechnoScope (MBS) technology and have designed kits that will enable the users to detect the availability of the traces of porcine DNA in consumer merchandises, to be specific applicable for food, leather and pharmaceutical products. However, the detection is limited to porcine traces detection and still can be considered as Halal doubtful and all this while the consumer vision has been hindered about the true fact of Halal concept, unless a comprehensive screening process for that particular product has been implemented due to the fact that the Halalness concept is more than just porcine traces detection, although its detection has covered the major part of Halal concept.

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